This handbook provides an introduction to tests of writing ability, and gives guidance on how teachers can assess writing. It looks at how writers write, and what features make a learner's text good, from a testing perspective. It also describes key concepts in assessing writing in teaching and examination settings (for example, the use of rating scales, the importance of ensuring reliable scores and how to do this).
The handbook provides a range of different writing tasks, together with a description of what the main features of these tasks are and how teachers can create similar writing tasks. It also presents scripts produced by real learners, which are annotated with rater's comments on the strengths and weaknesses of the scripts.
This volume focuses on the most frequent writing tasks used in modern Enlish language tests. The publication serves as a tool for professional development, gives advice on how teachers can their students for the writing section of modern European English examinations, includes a variety of writing practice tasks, and will be a valuable resource for classroom practice.
Into Europe - Listening (+2db CD)
This volume in the Into Europe series will help teachers and their students to improve their listening abilities in English, in order not only to prepare for modern European examinations but also to use English in real life. The ability to understand people speaking in a foreign language is an essential skill in the modern world. Unlike more traditional tests, modern European examinations include listening tests which are based on 'authentic' texts recorded from real life.
This volume presents a wide variety of different texts and listening tasks which reflect the sorts of things that learners may encounter on such tests. The practice tasks it includes were developed in accordance with modern European testing practice by test writers trained in modern testing techniques.
The book is accompanied by two CDs that contain the recordings of 48 listening texts. Language teachers who have to test their students' listening abilities and those who wish to prepare their students for modern English examinations will both find this book a valuable resource.
Into Europe - The Speaking Handbook (+DVD)
This handbook provides an introduction to the assessment of speaking ability. It is aimed at those language teachers who need to learn how to design, administer or prepare students for tests of speaking ability.
The authors discuss what may influence test taker's oral performance, and describe how to design test tasks, including guidelines for designing interview questions, picture description tasks, role plays and discussion activities. They stress the importance of the roles of interlocutor and assessor in speaking assessments, and the Handbook presents a step-by-step description of the procedures that schould be used in the training of interlocutors and assessors.
The Handbook is accompained by a DVD that illustrates various speaking activities in different examination modes (individual vs. paired exams). In addition, it includes a selection of benchmarked performances representing different levels on the Common European Framework, which have been assessed by a group of experts. The expert's comment are included in the Handbook.
Language teachers who are required to design test tasks and administer speaking examinations will find the Handbook an indispensable guide to assessing EFL learners' oral language ability in both classroom and exam situations.